Abstract

Aim: The .purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between fire resistance of concrete building constructions characterised by indications of a decline in heat insulation and moisture content of concrete

Project and methods: Identification of fire resistance limits for building constructions with variable levels of moisture content in concrete, characterised by the loss of insulating properties. This was determined by technical equations dealing with thermal heat engineering equation for thermal conductivity), reflecting assigned conditions of uniqueness and thermal properties of materials in accordance with Eurocode 2. A solution was facilitated by the finite difference method and implicit outline for the approximation of temperature derivatives within coordinates and time scale, with the aid of “Friend” computer programme.

Results: Fire resistance limits were identified for concrete constructions containing moisture at 0, 1.5 and 3% levels, which were accompanied by a reduction in thermal insulation ability. A solution to the issue of thermal conductivity was secured with the use of coefficient values for thermal conductivity of concrete using the lower and upper graph limits revealed in Eurocode 2. Analysis of calculated data reveals a difference between fire resistance limit values identified for moisture levels in concrete at 1.5% and 3 % and 0 are respectively 16% and 29%. This difference is not dependant on the thickness of the construction or thermal conductivity coefficient of concrete. At the same time it was established that data concerning fire resistance of concrete constructions, described in Eurocode 2 and data from calculations utilising the lower boundary curve for thermal conductivity, which solved the issue of thermal conductivity of concrete containing moisture levels at 1.5 are very similar. The maximum temperature difference is 15%, which indicates good compatibility of data.

Conclusions: It is established that the fire resistance limit for concrete constructions, characterized by indications of a decline in heatinsulating ability depends, to a large extent, on moisture content of concrete. Therefore, standards and other normative documents should acknowledge the existence of a significant dependence relationship between fire resistance and moisture content of concrete.

Keywords: fire safety, concrete construction, fire resistance limit, the task of thermal conductivity, the coefficient of thermal conductivity, Eurocode

Type of article: original scientific article