Aim: To discuss selected previous trends in approaching security and also to identify new trends in security theory and to start a discussion on exteriorisation, selfisation and ourfisation of security and threats.
Introduction: The continuous development of areas in which security, as a service, is provided to the public, is associated with changes not only in approaches to security and its determinants, but also in the ways security is managed and ensured. The overlap between internal and external factors in the process of ensuring internal security (intermestic security), the externalisation of security and threats, securitisation and the security dilemma, all cause a constant increase in the number of factors that entities responsible for security must not only learn about, but also take into account. The extension of this security criterion and the subjectivity of the sense of security among individuals and social groups, information flow, as well as the news manipulation techniques widely used by the mass media, mean that each of the phenomena occurring in these areas of security can be a factor behind not only positive but also negative changes in the internal and external security environments. Analysis of these phenomena makes it possible to relate them to certain social and psychological phenomena, previously unused in creating theories of security. This article discusses the issues of exteriorisation (alienation), selfisation and ourfisation of security and threats that are observable in practice.
Methodology: This paper uses mainly theoretical research methods, including the analysis of literature and phenomena occurring in society, and the method of inference as a cognitive factor for the subject of analysis. Talks with experts also played an important role in the process, making it possible to obtain more detailed insights into the explored topics.
Conclusions: The presented mechanisms and phenomena: externalisation and exteriorisation of security and threats, intermestic security, securitisation (desecuritisation), and selfisation and ourfisation of threats and security, show that security is still a phenomenon characterised by extraordinary complexity due to its multidimensional and multifaceted nature. The importance of its understanding in functional and axiological terms is growing to the detriment of geographical, ideological and even institutional approaches, making the study of the security a constant necessity.
Keywords: intermestic security, externalisation of security, exteriorisation of security, selfisation of security, ourfisation of security.
Type of article: review article